Melasma is a medical condition that causes dark spots or patches, usually in visible locations that are sun-exposed. Although the exact cause of melasma is unknown, there are several known triggers. Hormones (examples include pregnancy and the birth control pill), sun, and heat are potent triggers.


90% of the population will experience acne at some point in life. It typically starts with hormonal changes during puberty but in some people, these hormonal fluctuations don’t start until age 30 or beyond, even if you’ve never had acne before.